Waste management is a set of activities that include the following:

  1. collection, transport, treatment and disposal of waste;
  2. control, monitoring and regulation of the production, collection, transport, treatment and disposal of waste; and
  3. prevention of waste production through in-process modification, reuse and recycling.

The term usually relates to all kinds of waste, whether generated during the extraction of raw materials, the processing of raw materials into intermediate and final products, the consumption of final products, or other human activities,[1] including municipal (residential, institutional, commercial), agricultural, and special (health care, household hazardous wastes, sewage sludge). Waste management is intended to reduce the effect of waste on health, the environment or aesthetics.

Issues relating to waste management include:

Waste management practices are not uniform among countries (developed and developing nations); regions (urban and rural area), and sectors (residential and industrial).

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